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Articles of the Month
Each month lists three or four new articles available on the Web discussing distance education research, applications, and developments.
December 2012

The “Virtual Face” of Distance Learning at Public Colleges and Universities: What Do Websites Reveal about Administrative Student Support Services?
Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration
Analyzes the kinds of online administrative and support services provided to distance students, ranging from readiness assessments to course registration procedures and online learning tips.

The Best Assessment Tools for the Online Classroom: Instructor Feedback and e-Documents
eLearn Magazine
Examines several free or low-cost tools for providing feedback to students at all levels of education who submit e-documents for assessment, grading, and instructor review.

Open Textbooks and Increased Student Access and Outcomes
European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning (EURODL)
Reports findings from a year-long pilot study on the use of online textbooks and other digital materials to replace traditional textbooks.

Authentic Assignments: What are They?
Teaching & Learning: Strategies for Teaching Face to Face and Online
Describes six characteristics of authentic assignments and activities.

November 2012

Online Educational Delivery Models: A Descriptive View
Educause Review
Discusses the emergence of six new educational delivery models in relation to issues of access, affordability, and personalized learning in higher education.

Making Sense of MOOCs: Musings in a Maze of Myth, Paradox and Possibility
Journal of Interactive Media in Education
Describes the short history of MOOCS (Massive Open, Online Courses) and explores their implications within the wider context of the evolution of educational technology and open/distance learning.

The Acceptability of Online Degrees: Principals and Hiring Practices in Secondary Schools
Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education (CITE)
Reports results of a national survey of high school principals investigating whether online degrees and traditional degrees hold equal weight in hiring decisions for entry-level teaching positions.

Deep Learning vs. Surface Learning: Getting Students to Understand the Difference
Faculty Focus
Briefly compares the differences between deep and surface learning and explains the importance of helping students to understand how they learn.

October 2012

The Digital Native Debate in Higher Education: A Comparative Analysis of Recent Literature
Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology
Analyzes key themes emerging from contemporary research on the Net generation as digital natives and compares common assumptions to empirical evidence about the nature of digital learning.

Who am I and What Keeps Me Going? Profiling the Distance Learning Student in Higher Education
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL)
Investigates the types of interventions that make a positive difference in students' progression and success in online courses, including factors that influence their expectations, motivations, and support. Also in this issue see Exploring Learner to Content Interaction as a Success Factor in Online Courses.

A Study of Online Exams Procrastination Using Data Analytics Techniques
Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Learning and Learning Objects
Uses advanced data analytics techniques, including visualization and slicing, to examine the impact of procrastination on online exam performance and grades.

September 2012

Exploring Online Teaching: A Three-Year Composite Journal of Concerns and Strategies from Online Instructors
Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration
Identifies concerns about self, task, and impact experienced by 103 new online instructors and provides practical teaching strategies to address them.

Inquiry-Based Learning With or Without Facilitator Interactions
Journal of Distance Education
Reports study results suggesting that students in online discussions can engage in deep and meaningful learning, even when there is no facilitator interaction, if learning environments are designed to support student interaction and students have motivation, regulatory skills, and a willingness to collaborate.

Learning Technology Through Three Generations of Technology Enhanced Distance Education Pedagogy
European Journal of Open, Distance, and E-Learning (EURODL)
Describes three generations of distance education pedagogy (cognitive–behaviourist, constructivist, and connectivist) along with related technologies, instructional designs, and outcomes.

Five Tech-Friendly Lessons to Encourage Higher-Order Thinking
THE Journal
Describes five Web 2.0 tools that can facilitate implementation of activities requiring students to use skills for analyzing, evaluating, and creating.

August 2012

Data Changes Everything: Delivering on the Promise of Learning Analytics in Higher Education
Educause Review
Discusses the potential of learning analytics to enable learning experiences that are more personal, convenient, and engaging and that may foster student retention.

Five Factors that Affect Online Student Motivation
Faculty Focus
Describes the MUSIC model of student motivation that comprises eMpowerment, Usefulness, Success, Interest, and Caring. Also see Five Characteristics of Learner-Centered Teaching.

Development of a Mental Health Nursing Simulation: Challenges and Solutions
Journal of Interactive Online Learning
Examines the challenges of providing virtual clinical experiences and environments that are rich in diversity yet safe for experimentation and student learning.

Education Leaders See MOOCs, Distance Learning as the Future of Higher Ed
Campus Technology Magazine
Discusses survey results indicating that higher education in 2020 will be quite different from the way it is today, driven by new methods of teaching, economic concerns, and student/parent demands.

July 2012

Interactive Online Learning Produces Learning Outcomes on Par with Traditional Teaching Methods
Campus Technology Magazine
Discusses results of a recent study finding no significant difference in learning outcomes between blended online and traditional classroom formats.

Professors and Online Learning
Inside Higher Ed
A professor shares his experiences and observations about teaching online in light of faculty perspectives voiced in a new study on Conflicted: Faculty and Online Education, 2012.

Design-Based Research Principles for Student Orientation to Online Study: Capturing the Lessons Learnt
Australasian Journal of Educational Technology (AJET)
Reports study results on student experiences and reactions to an online orientation program, including patterns of student activity, evaluation responses, program limitations, and recommendations.

MOOCs and the AI-Stanford like Courses: Two Successful and Distinct Course Formats for Massive Open Online Courses
European Journal of Open, Distance, and E-Learning (EURODL)
Examines two formats for massive open online courses -- including differences in pedagogies, tools, and student participation -- and discusses issues that should be addressed in future research.

June 2012

Choosing or Designing the Perfect WebQuest for Your Learners Using a Reliable Rubric
CITE: Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education
Describes the development and reliability testing of a rubric for evaluating the quality of a webquest design.

Assessing the Effectiveness of Web-Based Tutorials Using Pre- and Post-Test Measurements
Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Learning and Learning Objects
Reports study results indicating that the use of Web-based tutorials to review grammar and mechanics significantly impacted students’ scores from pre-test to final post-test.

An Exploratory Study on Using Wiki to Foster Student Teachers’ Learner-centered Learning and Self and Peer Assessment
Journal of Information Technology Education: Innovations in Practice
This exploratory study indicates that a wiki project can foster student-centered learning, but it raises questions about the development of consistent and reliable rubrics to self-assess and peer-assess wiki outcomes.

Is Mobile Learning Right for You?
Chief Learning Officer
Discusses key questions, limitations, and benefits an organization should consider when deciding when, how, and why to implement mobile learning.

May 2012

Distance learners: Connected, Mobile and Resourceful Individuals
Australasian Journal of Educational Technology
This study explores distance learning from the students' viewpoint and identifies five policy-and-practice suggestions to enhance the learning experience.

The Classroom in the Palm of Your Hand
eLearn Magazine
Discusses the benefits of mobile learning and suggests ways to incorporate mobile devices into teaching, learning, and collaborating with others. Also see Power to the Learners on students' transformational learning experiences in using social media.

6 Keys to Engaging Students Online
Campus Technology Magazine
An experienced online instructor shares tips on ways to connect with students.

Writing Copyright Statements for eLearning
Learning Solutions Magazine
Explains basic copyright considerations and provides guidance on how to write a copyright statement for an e-learning program.

April 2012

The Relationship between Flexible and Self-Regulated Learning in Open and Distance Universities
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL)
Reports study results showing that greater flexibility in learning is related to greater use of self-regulated learning strategies (cognitive, metacognitive, and resource-based).

Determining the Effectiveness of Prompts for Self-Regulated Learning in Problem-Solving Scenarios
Educational Technology & society
Reports study results indicating that generic prompts are an important aid in helping students to develop cognitive structures for learning new information while solving problems. Also in this issue see Student Satisfaction, Performance, and Knowledge Construction in Online Collaborative Learning on cultural differences in satisfaction and achievement.

Lights, Camera, Learn!: Five tips for using video in e-learning
eLearn Magazine
Presents five tips on when to use video for online learning, how to maximize its effectiveness, and how to keep costs reasonable.

Media Richness and Communication in Online Education
Faculty Focus
Describes a media richness chart as an aid in selecting the best tool as the proper medium for communicating a message.

March 2012

Connecting Two Worlds: Collaboration between Higher Education and Corporate Learning
Educause Review
Suggests ways higher education and corporations can work together to foster the use of technology for teaching and learning.

Design and Evaluation of Student-Focused eLearning
Electronic Journal of e-Learning
Reports on the effectiveness of an online global MBA program and discusses how evaluation results were used to improve delivery approach, content, and quality.

Cooperative Learning and Soft Skills Training in an IT Course
Journal of Information Technology Education: Research
Reports students’ responses to course design, shares two soft skills assessment tools, and describes how group projects were used to achieve deep learning and soft skill competency.

An Analysis of Organizational Approaches to Online Course Structures
Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration
Analyzes three administrative philosophies that affect how instructors approach course design, and presents ten components for developing a well-organized online course.

February 2012

A Critique of the Community of Inquiry Framework
Journal of Distance Education
Examines the three main components of the popular Community of Inquiry framework (cognitive presence, social presence, and teaching presence) and analyzes how they affect communications in asynchronous online discussions.

Keeping Participants’ Attention In Global Virtual Classrooms
Learning Circuits
Shares practical methods for using polls, chats, and whiteboards to generate interaction and liven up presentations in synchronous online learning

Leading Change: Applying Change Management Approaches to Engage Students in Blended Learning
Australian Journal of Educational Technology
Describes how change management principles were used to guide a systematic approach to engaging students into the learning culture of an engineering excellence program.

A Symbiosis Between Instructional Systems Design and Project Management
Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology
Proposes a change in the preparation of instructional designers to reflect common work practices that require skills in both ISD and project management.

January 2012

Five Higher Ed Tech Trends for 2012
Campus Technology
A group of academics and instructional technologists discuss five e-learning trends to watch. Also see The Six Technologies That Will Shape Higher Ed.

A Post-LMS World
Educause Review
Predicts that the next generation of learning management systems, the LMS 3.0, will be adaptive in being able to shape its components to the individual needs of the teacher, learner, course, or program.

Rapport in Distance Education
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL)
This study provides insights into the importance of rapport in DE, describes six major indicators of rapport-building behaviors, and discusses challenges to building rapport at a distance.

Is the Second Time the Charm? Investigating Trends in Online Re-enrollment, Retention and Success
Journal of Educators Online
Reports study results showing that prior online course experience is strongly correlated with future online course success, and discusses support services (e.g., diagnostic assessments, advising, coaching) that help students to evaluate preparedness and improve online skills.

December 2011

Development, Implementation, and Evaluation of a Grading Rubric for Online Discussions
MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching
Describes the development of a comprehensive grading rubric for online discussions and analyzes students' responses in using the rubic to assess discussion quantity, quality, timeliness, and communication proficiency.

Writing Multiple-Choice Questions for Higher-level Thinking
Learning Solutions Magazine
Provides practical advice on how to apply Bloom's taxonomy in writing assessment questions directed to convergent and divergent thinking.

Digital Technology and the Culture of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education
Australasian Journal of Educational Technology
Suggests ways technology can be used to meet the needs of 21st century learners, including participatory pedagogies that blend formal and informal learning.

Managing Fair Use on Campus: The Online Academic Administrator's Dilemma
Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration
Explains the basics of copyright law, points out problems, and provides policy recommendations from a legal perspective for administrators who oversee online programs. Also see Islands in the Stream: Academic Technology, Digital Copyright, and The TEACH Act in the December issue of Campus Technology magazine.

November 2011

Contingent and Tenured/Tenure-Track Faculty: Motivations and Incentives to Teach Distance Education Courses
Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration
Reports study results indicating that most distance education instructors are motivated to teach DE courses by the flexible schedule, self-satisfaction, opportunities to use new technologies, and financial rewards.

Debate as a Teaching Strategy in Online Education: A Case Study
Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology
Examines the perceptions of three online instructors and their students on the individual experiences and value of using debate as an instructional approach.

Six Proven Ways to Use Examples and Non-Examples
Learning Circuits
Describes six ways to use examples effectively to help learners to acquire concepts and avoid misconceptions.

Why is the Research on Learning Styles Still Being Dismissed by Some Learning Leaders and Practitioners?
eLearn Magazine
Discusses why the idea of designing instruction for learning styles persists when research shows it does not improve learning.

October 2011

Examining Motivation in Online Distance Learning Environments: Complex, Multifaceted, and Situation-Dependent
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL)
Addresses the question, What is the nature of motivation to learn in online contexts? and reports study results on the multiple ways preservice teachers were motivated to learn in two online courses.

Team Trust in Online Education: Assessing and Comparing Team-Member Trust in Online Teams Versus Face-to-Face Teams
Journal of Distance Education
Compares trust levels in online and face-to-face teams and reports findings that indicate online teams have higher trust levels on a variety of dimensions.

Examining the Effectiveness of Web-Based Learning Tools in Middle and Secondary School Science Classrooms
Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Learning and Learning Objects
Presents study results showing that teachers were positive about the learning benefits, design, and engagement value of WBLTs, and students showed learning performance gains.

Special Issue on Learner Autonomy and New Learning Environments
Language Learning & Technology
Several papers take different perspectives on the relationships between autonomy and technology, including learning with 3D environments, digital video, blogging, and self-study software packages.

September 2011

Overcoming Objections to e-Learning
Learning Solutions Magazine
Suggests tactics for dealing with common objections to the use of e-learning in training environments, such as costs, effectiveness, and infrastructure.

Student Perceptions of Teaching Presence, Social Presence, and Cognitive Presence in a Virtual World
MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching
Reports research indicating that learning in a virtual world is often perceived by students as a rich educational experience that includes elements of all three presences in an active community of inquiry. Also in this issue see Integrating Second Life as a Pedagogical Tool for Interactive Instruction.

Building a Collaborative Online Literary Experience
Educause Quarterly
Describes the design, development, and implementation of an immersive literary simulation and the planning needed to create an effective collaboration space for re-enacting Edgar Allen Poe's The Fall of the House of Usher.

Gamification: Using Game Mechanics to Enhance eLearning
eLearn Magazine
Recommends practical techniques drawn from gameplay mechanics to enhance student engagement in e-learning applications.

August 2011

Special issue: Assessing Students' Web 2.0 Activities in Higher Education
Australasian Journal of Educational Technology
Six papers describe and evaluate assessment tasks done by university students using Web 2.0 technologies such as blogs, wikis, and virtual reality sites (Volume 27, Number 5).

Developing an Online Community of In-Service Teachers
Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education (CITE)
Evaluates the design of a learning community website for professional development and identifies the most salient features that need to be in place to promote interaction.

Improving Technological Competency in Nursing Students: The Passport Project
Journal of Educators Online
Reports how student training in the basic skills needed for online learning and communications helped to increase confidence and reduce attrition rates.

The Adult Learner: A Change Agent in Post-Secondary Education
Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration
Reviews recent literature on the growth of online education in serving adult learners and describes one college's plans for responding to the rising demand for adult education and workforce development.

July 2011

Online Learning Indicators
eLearn Magazine
Discusses 11 common design problems in online courses along with solutions for eliminating them. Also in this issue see Getting Students to Talk in the Online Course.

Adapting Peer Review to an Online Course: An Exploratory Case Study
Journal of Information Technology Education
Compares the issues involved in managing peer review for an online vs classroom course, describes an eleven-step implementation process, and provides suggestions for faculty on using peer reviews.

Using Online EFL Interaction to Increase Confidence, Motivation, and Ability
Journal of Educational Technology & Society
This study examines how active learning via videoconferencing affects student motivation and performance in language instruction.

Why Learners Choose Plagiarism: A Review of Literature
Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Learning and Learning Objects
Through a review of literature, this paper presents a theoretical foundation for understanding why learners may choose to plagiarize both online and on ground.

June 2011

Classroom Community and Student Engagement in Online Courses
MERLOT Journal of Online Teaching and Learning
Reports study results on the factors that contribute to a sense of community and student engagement in learning in online graduate and undergraduate courses.

Avoiding the Trap of Clicky-Clicky Bling-Bling (Part 1)
eLearn Magazine
Provides ideas on how to separate flash from substance in e-learning design by knowing when unnecessary pizzazz masks empty content rather than engages learners. Also see Make Your Designs Shine from the Inside (Part 2).

10 Tips for Designing M-Learning and Support Apps
Learning Circuits
Applies best practices in the functionality and usability of mobile applications to the design of mobile learning.

Quick and Simple mLearning Content for the iPhone
Learning Solutions Magazine
Describes a basic approach to creating simple m-learning content as a way to get started, see what's possible, and understand the pitfalls of blending mobile learning with other training applications.

May 2011

Mobile Teaching versus Mobile Learning
Educause Quarterly
Argues that course designs for mobile devices should employ multiple media and interaction to engage students in active learning rather than simply delivering content.

Web 2.0 Tools and the Evolving Pedagogy of Teacher Education
Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education (CITE)
Discusses recent changes in a social studies teacher education program and the role Web 2.0 tools played in helping to rethink pedagogy.

Understanding Students’ Online Interaction: Analysis of Discussion Board Postings
Journal of Interactive Online Learning
Reports findings of a study examining students’ online interaction patterns and the relationship to course grades.

Special Issue - Frontiers in Open and Distance Learning in the North
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL)
Seven research articles and field notes explore open/distance education programs and practices in the Arctic region.

April 2011

A Review of Paradigms for Evaluating the Quality of Online Education Programs
Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration
Compares 13 recommendations and paradigms found in the literature for identifying and evaluating the quality of online education programs.

Digital Learners in Higher Education: Generation is Not the Issue
Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology
Literature review and empirical study at one postsecondary institution in Canada suggest there are no meaningful generational differences in how learners say they use communications technologies.

Getting a Handle on Mobile: Perspectives
Educause Review
Six articles examine the mobile Web and discuss implications for teaching and education from several perspectives.

Special Issue on Creative Design: Scaffolding Creative Reasoning and Meaningful Learning
Journal of Educational Technology & Society
Six papers examine what we know about the reasoning involved in creative design, cognitive theories of how people learn, and the affordances of technology.

March 2011

Special Issue - Connectivism: Design and Delivery of Social Networked Learning
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL)
Nine research papers explore the applications of connectivist theory to online teaching and learning, along with implications for research and practice.

Effective Online Instructional Competencies as Perceived by Online University Faculty and Students: A Sequel Study
MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching
This Delphi study confirmed the continuing importance of 19 key instructional competencies identified in similar research studies over the past decade.

Promoting Information Processing and Ethical Use of Information for Online Learning
eLearn Magazine
Suggests strategies for helping students to engage in active learning, develop information skills, and avoid passive approaches that foster online copying and plagiarism.

Instructional Design for Cross-cultural Online Collaboration: Grouping Strategies and Assignment Design
Australasian Journal of Educational Technology
Explores teaching strategies for cross-cultural online learning, including the use of Facebook, videoconferencing, and other 2.0 Web tools for group discussion and collaboration.

February 2011

Faculty Use of Asynchronous Discussions in Online Learning
International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning (ITDL)
Investigates a number of factors associated with faculty use of asynchronous discussions in online courses and compares online discussions and face-to-face discussions.

A Pedagogical Framework for Mobile Learning: Categorizing Educational Applications of Mobile Technologies into Four Types
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL)
Introduces a definition of mobile learning, outlines its characteristics, and proposes a theoretical framework adopted from transactional distance theory.

Make the Complex Understandable: Show, Don't Tell
Learning Solutions Magazine
Describes how infographics can be used to represent a wide range of information whose goal is to instruct, explain, or inform in a visual format.

LITERALIA: Towards Developing Intercultural Maturity Online
Language Learning & Technology
Reporting on the European Union's LITERALIA project that connects adult language learners from four countries, this article analyzes participants’ intercultural learning and discusses the development of intercultural maturity online.

January 2011

Predictions for e-Learning
eLearn Magazine
eLearn Magazine's editors, advisory board members, and other contributors predict what changes are afoot for the coming year of 2011.

Evaluating and Comparing the Usability of Web-based Course Management Systems
Journal of Information Technology Education
Reports the results of a usability study comparing the features of two different course management systems: BlackBoard and Moodle.

Online Classroom or Community-in-the-Making? Instructor Conceptualizations and Teaching Presence in International Online Contexts
Journal of Distance Education
This study describes differences in instructors' perceptions of online interactions and discusses implications for defining teaching presence in a community of inquiry framework.

Special Issue: Prior, Experiential and Informal Learning in the Age of Information and Communication Technologies
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL)
A selection of articles and practitioner-based reports that span the fields of open/distance learning (ODL) and recognition of prior learning (RPL), particularly the assessment of prior learning within the context of online and distance education.

December 2010

Creating Simulations for an “Introduction to Research Methods” Course
Australasian Journal of Educational Technology
Describes the design strategies used to convert a lecture course to a blended learning environment, drawing on constructivist learning principles and the use of simulations.

An Evaluation of Online versus Campus-Based Teacher Preparation Programs
MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching
Reports results of a study comparing online and in-class teacher preparation programs, and identifies characteristics important to designing programs for effective online learning.

Factors Influencing a Learner’s Decision to Drop-Out or Persist in Higher Education Distance Learning
Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration
Literature review on factors affecting drop-out found internal factors of self-efficacy, self-determination, autonomy, and time management along with external factors of family, organizational, and technical support. An additional variable of course factors, including course relevance and course design, was also found to significantly impact learners’ decisions to persist. Also in this issue see Overcoming Student Retention Issues In Higher Education Online Programs

November 2010

Sustaining Students: Retention Strategies in an Online Program
Educause Quarterly
Discusses three factors that encourage student retention: a faculty culture that encourages engagement with students; the individual support and attention provided by online program coordinators; and the availability of online peer mentors. Also in this issue see Enhancing Student Learning and Retention with Blended Learning Class Guides.

Attitudes of Face-to-Face and e-Learning Instructors toward 'Active Learning'
European Journal of Open and Distance Learning (EURDL)
Study using the Active Instruction Tendency (AIT) questionnaire found significant differences in attitudes of 'active instructors' and other instructors.

Heard and Seen: Instructor-led Video and its Effect on Learning
International Journal of Instructional Technology & Distance Learning
Examines three ways instructional designers may create a more efficient learning environment by using a combination of media to impact the learning process.

Special Issue on Knowledge Building
Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology
Eleven papers exploring how educational technologies support knowledge building by individuals and groups in a variety of settings, with a focus on identifying principles to guide pedagogical practices for 21st century learning and teaching.

October 2010

Special issue on Attention, Engagement, and the Next Generation
Educause Review
Five articles that explore 21st century social media literacies, innovations in pedagogy and technology to enhance student engagement, and improving the readiness of the next generation of college students.

How Government Policy Drives e-Learning
eLearn Magazine
Examines current federal policies related to access, finance, and quality and predicts how they will affect technology and learning in the coming decade.

Five Simple Ways of Incorporating Principles, Theories and Models of Adult Learning into an Asynchronous, Unfacilitated, Web-based Course
International Journal of Instructional Technology & Distance Learning
The findings of this case study indicate that principles of adult learning can be incorporated into self-paced, web-based training courses if they are considered in the design and development of the course from the beginning.

A Review of Trends in Distance Education Scholarship at Research Universities in North America, 1998-2007
The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL)
Trends in student dissertations and theses show a fairly consistent research emphasis on student and faculty issues (e.g., attitudes, satisfaction, and views on distance education experiences), but a decline in studies focusing on technology issues and comparisons of distance and face-to-face education.

September 2010

Infrastructure and Administrative Support for Online Programs
Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration
This study used faculty feedback to validate an Online Teaching Infrastructure Matrix designed to help campus administration evaluate the administrative support they provide to online teaching programs.

A Glance at Institutional Support for Faculty Teaching in an Online Learning Environment
Educause Quarterly
Reports on a survey of chief academic officers in 12-state region investigating how they support faculty with the design and development of web-based classes.

Global Students/Global Faculty: A Model for Success Factors in the Use of Off-site Faculty for Online Instruction
MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching
Presents a model to enable more informed decisions about the use of off-site faculty for global online instruction, including benefits and challenges related to administrative issues, instruction, and faculty characteristics.

Will You Hire The Services of Professionals Who Completed Their Professional Preparation Completely Online?
International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning
Exploratory study to determine if individuals will hire the services of professionals who completed their degree or earned their credentials completely online.

August 2010

A Comparison of Student and Faculty Academic Technology Use Across Disciplines
Educause Quarterly
Examines the results of two national surveys on the use of web-based technologies for student engagement, including differences in usage between students and faculty as well as differences among disciplines.

Instructional Immediacy in Online Faculty Experiences
International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning
Reports on a study exploring best practice strategies in online teaching to give immediacy to the learning experience and reduce apparent distance or disconnection from instructor and fellow students.

Copying Right and Copying Wrong with Web 2.0 Tools in the Teacher Education and Communications Classrooms
CITE Journal
Describes an approach for teaching copyright and fair use principles to students in the context of using Web 2.0 tools for online communication and publishing.

Special Issue on "Innovations in Designing Mobile Learning Applications"
Journal of Educational Technology & Society
Contains 11 special issue articles on mobile learning as well as feature articles on other topics.

July 2010

Facilitating Learning with Social Media
Learning Circuits
Describes how effective implementation of social media for workplace learning involves collaborating with stakeholders, capitalizing on knowledge, and connecting learners to meet business needs. Also see in this issue Looking Ahead at Social Learning: 10 Predictions.

Secondary Students’ Online Use and Creation of Knowledge: Refocusing priorities for quality assessment and learning
Australasian Journal of Educational Technology
Discusses a range of views on the effects of social media on critical engagement in learning, and proposes an assessment framework for using, creating, and sharing knowledge online.

The Use of Alternative Social Networking Sites in Higher Educational Settings: A Case Study of the E-Learning Benefits of Ning in Education
Journal of Interactive Online Learning
Reports survey results on students' perceptions of the value of using social networking technologies, such as Ning, for learning in online courses.

Reflective Pedagogy: Making Meaning in Experiential Based Online Courses
Journal of Educators Online
Reports study results showing the positive effects of web-based learning environments in which critical inquiry and engaged discourse are complimented by participation in “real world” on-site experiences.

June 2010

Twenty Years of Research on the Academic Performance Differences Between Traditional and Distance Learning: Summative Meta-Analysis and Trend Examination
MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching
This meta-analysis of 125 studies involving data from over 20,800 students indicates that distance education not only is comparable to traditional instruction, but in 70% of the cases, students taking courses by distance education outperformed their classroom counterparts.

Community of Inquiry in e-Learning: Concerning the Garrison and Anderson Model
The Journal of Distance Education
Analyzes the community of inquiry model developed by Garrison and Anderson, adds theoretical anchors, and describes its potential for e-learning research.

Considerations for Supporting Faculty in Transitioning a Course to Online Format
Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration
Presents study results of the faculty perspective on the process of course conversion and the handling of associated pedagogical, technical, and administrative considerations.

Online Learning 101: Parts 1-3
eLearn Magazine
Describes tools for (1) authoring and course development, (2) games and interactivity, and (3) web conferencing and LMSs.

May 2010

Unbundling Faculty Roles in Online Distance Education Programs
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL)
Analyzes how unbundling faculty functions and distributing them to others affects the cost to design, develop, facilitate, and maintain an online graduate business course.

Using wikis for Collaborative Learning: Assessing collaboration through contribution
Australasian Journal of Educational Technology
Results of this study suggest that while the functionality of wikis can support collaboration, effective usage depends on how activities are designed and implemented to ensure that all students contribute meaningfully to the work.

Mobile Learning in Distance Education: Utility or Futility?
The Journal of Distance Education
Reports findings on the usability, learning, and social interaction provided by mobile access to online course materials at a Canadian distance education university.

April 2010

Use of Second Life in K-12 and Higher Education: A Review of Research
Journal of Interactive Online Learning
Reviews the findings of 27 research studies on how Second Life is being used in K-12 and higher education, including technology issues, types of applications, and recommendations for educators.

How to Provide Fair and Effective Feedback in Asynchronous Courses
eLearn Magazine
Provides tips for using three online course tools for feedback: announcements area, conference area, and rubrics. Also in this issue see eLearning Tools for English Composition for 30 new media tools and websites for online teaching and writing.

Assessing the Efficacy and Effectiveness of an E-Portfolio Used for Summative Assessment
Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Learning and Learning Objects
Discusses the results of a univerity pilot project that used electronic portfolios for summative assessment as well as to encourage students to engage in deep learning and self-reflection.

March 2010

Effective Leadership of Online Adjunct Faculty
Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration
Describes the characteristics of online adjunct faculty and their motivation for teaching, explores leadership style approaches to lever this highly motivated workforce, and offers a framework for educational leadership.

Tutoring at a Distance, Online Tutoring in Second Life
European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning
Describes tutoring approaches that use avatars in Second Life, analyzes the effectiveness in meeting student needs, and discusses opportunities and challenges of using virtual reality environments for tutoring.

The Role of Volition in Distance Education: An Exploration of its Capacities
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL)
Presents a conceptual framework for understanding the role of volition, or the ability to be continuously motivated throughout learning activities, in distance learning; and reports study results of an online instrument to assess students' volitional competence.

A Case Study of Wikis’ Effects on Online Transactional Interactions
MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching
Explores how learners experienced the use of an educational wiki for interacting with peers and the instructor for weekly activities in an online graduate course; and discusses implications for supporting learners’ wiki activities while allowing learner autonomy. Also in this issue see Why Wikis? Student Perceptions of Using Wikis in Online Coursework and Using Wikis to Facilitate Communication for Rural, Remote, and At-risk Practicum Students.

February 2010

Special Issue: E-Learning Project Management
Journal of Distance Education
Contains 11 articles discussing various perspectives, experiences, and strategies in managing e-learning projects.

Development and Validation of a Model to Investigate the Impact of Individual Factors on Instructors’ Intention to Use E-learning Systems
Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Learning and Learning Objects
Examines four factors predicting instructors’ intention to use e-learning systems in community colleges, including perceived value, computer self-efficacy, and attitude toward change.

Digital Video and Teaching
CITE Journal: Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education
Discusses pedagogical considerations in using digital video in blended or classroom situations, including ways to actively engage students in learning from video.

Lessons Learned from Conducting 3D Virtual World Learning Experiences
Learning Circuits
Presents ten lessons learned in creating virtual environments in relation to audience, design, technology, and implementation.

January 2010

Web Accessibility Theory and Practice: An Introduction for University Faculty
Journal of Educators Online
Introduces Web accessibility theory, studies, tools, and practices to faculty who want to improve access to their online courses or materials.

Tips for Effective Webinars
eLearn Magazine
Provides tips for what to do before, during, and after a webinar, especially for presentation design and technology skills.

Six Questions for Entrepreneurial Leadership and Innovation in Distance Education
Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration
Presents six questions for administrators to consider in an effort to provoke discussion and thought on the importance of incorporating entrepreneurial leadership and innovation throughout distance education organizations.

Special issue on open educational resources
Open Learning: The Journal of Open and Distance Learning
Free access to Open Learning's special 25th annniversary issue of five articles and case studies on open education initiatives and issues.

December 2009

Narrowing the Distance: Using e-Learner Support to Enhance the Student Experience
European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning (EURODL)
Describes how the UK Open University uses a variety of tools to support learners and foster the development of learning communities, including online resources, e-mail, e-messages, and Second Life.

10 Ways to Ensure Distance Learning Success
eLearn Magazine
Tips to learners on how to take the initiative to be proactive, get better grades, and improve depth of learning.

Perceptions of Academic Honesty in Online vs. Face-to-Face Classrooms
Journal of Interactive Online Learning
Reports results of a study examining student perceptions of academic integrity related to both online and face-to-face course formats.

Online Teaching Experience: A Qualitative Metasynthesis
MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching
Review of nine studies identified four key themes that captured the nature and experience of online instructors: (a) work intensity, (b) role changes, (c) teaching strategies, and (d) professional development.

November 2009

Teachers' Perspectives on Motivation in High School Distance Education
The Journal of Distance Education
Reports study results on the role online teachers can play in promoting motivation to learn. Describes numerous motivational strategies that fall into three categories: (1) Communication, Interaction, and Social Presence; (2) Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivators; and (3) Learner-Centered Designs.

Teaching Teachers to Use Blended Learning
eLearn Magazine
Describes how first-year college students in education learn how to use a range of digital tools, such as chat rooms and wiki postings, to enhance problem-based and collaborative activities.

Using Asynchronous and Synchronous Audio Communication Platforms to Enhance Online Learning and Student Connectedness
International Journal of Instructional Techology & Distance Learning
Describes how three kinds of audio tools were used to provide feedback and communication to help increase social interaction and create a supportive climate for learners.

Special Issue: Openness and the Future of Higher Education
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL)
Eight articles address issues related to open access to education, ranging from useful descriptions of successful projects to empirical data about user attitudes and criticisms of present work.

October 2009

E-Learning Tools for STEM
eLearn Magazine
Describes six tools that instructors can use to create graphs, diagrams, models, and equations for online teaching in STEM fields (high school or college-level math and hard sciences).

Can or Should e-Learning Improve the Cost-Effectiveness of Higher Education?
International Journal of Instructional Technology & Distance Learning
Identifies barriers to using e-learning to improve the cost-effectiveness of education and discusses ways distance learning can offset budget reductions and improve instructional quality.

Implementing a Cost-Effectiveness Analyzer for Web-Supported Academic Instruction: A Campus Wide Analysis
European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning (EURODL)
Presents a model for quantifying the costs and benefits of Web-supported instruction at both the single-course and the campus-wide levels, and reports empirical results in using the model to analyze 3,453 courses representing large-scale Web-supported academic instruction processes throughout the campus.

September 2009

10 Things I've Learned About Teaching Online
eLearn Magazine
An online instructor draws on five years of experience to share lessons learned with other online instructors who are just starting out.

Student Perceptions of the Use of Instructor-Made Videos in Online and Face-to-Face Classes
MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching
Discusses results of a study examining students’ perceptions of instructor-made videos used to explain course assignments, syllabus requirements, weekly discussion topics, and exam reviews.

Supporting Online Faculty - Revisiting the Seven Principles (A Few Years Later)
Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration
Drawing on Chickering and Gamson's Seven Principles of Good Practice, this article visits the need for effective faculty support and development in online education. Also see in this issue The Professional Adjunct: An Emerging Trend in Online Instruction.

Special Issue on Distance Learning in Africa
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL)
Nine papers focusing on case studies and research reports provide a snapshot of distance education practices, trends, and issues in Africa.

August 2009

Knowledge Transfer from Virtual Environments
eLearn Magazine
Explores knowledge acquisition in simulated learning environments and suggests six characteristics to ensure knowledge transfer from virtual training to the real world.

Student Identity Verification and the Higher Education Opportunity Act: A Faculty Perspective
International Journal of Instructional Techology & Distance Learning
Reports exploratory survey findings on the types of student identity verification used by institutions, the perceived need for improvement, and the role of faculty.

Time to Develop One Hour of Training
Learning Circuits
Reports results from a survey of industry peers to provide insight into how long it takes to develop one hour of instruction for various delivery methods and the factors that impact development.

Assessing the Factors Deemed to Support Individual Student Intrinsic Motivation in Technology Supported Online and Face-to-Face Discussion
Journal of Information Technology Education
Investigates factors that support students' intrinsic motivation in online discussions and presents a model based on perceived competence, challenge, feedback, choice, interest, and curiosity

July 2009

E-Learning and Constructivism: From Theory to Application
Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Learning and Learning Objects
Draws on constructivist theory to present a learner-centered model and examples for designing e-learning assignments/activities that incorporate design, collaboration, and assessment elements. Also in this issue see Analyzing Responses, Moves, and Roles in Online Discussions.

Effective Instructor Feedback: Perceptions of Online Graduate Students
Journal of Educators Online
Discusses five major implications of students' perceptions of instructor feedback with regard to the content (“what should be included in effective feedback?”) and the process (“how should effective feedback be provided?”).

Lost in Translation: Importance of Effective Communication in Online Education
Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration
Reviews communication research as it relates to online education and provides recommendations for integrating effective online communication into instruction to increase student connectivity, engagement, and retention.

A Review of Podcasting in Higher Education: Its Influence on the Traditional Lecture
Australasian Journal of Educational Technology
Explores the role of podcasting for teaching and learning, including recent literature about the uses of podcasting for supporting, enhancing, and replacing the traditional lecture.

June 2009

Student Perceptions of Groupwork in an Online Course: Benefits and Challenges
Journal of Distance Education
Reports study findings on student experiences with online groups, identifies benefits and challenges, and provides suggestions for improving groupwork practices.

Creating Effective Collaborative Learning Groups in an Online Environment
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL)
Based on findings from several graduate-level cohorts, this study recommends seven instructional strategies, rather than grades per se, as important to improving the quality of group collaboration. Also see in this issue Questions of Culture in Distance Learning: A Research Review for cultural differences in group learning.

Themed Section: Integrity and Identity Authentication in Online Education
MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching
Five papers discuss the methods and pedagogies that faculty use to address issues of academic integrity, plagiarism, test monitoring, and student verification in online courses.

The Identification of Key Issues in the Development of Sustainable e-Learning and Virtual Campus Initiatives
Electronic Journal of e-Learning
Describes important factors underlying best practices in the implementation and sustainability of virtual campuses, as part of a two-year European Commission study.

May 2009

Technology's Impact on Learning Outcomes: Can It Be Measured?
THE Journal
Discusses some misconceptions that create barriers to evaluating the effectiveness of technology for student learning.

Culturally Accessible E-Learning: An Overdue Global Business Imperative
Learning Circuits
Examines the impact of cultural differences on program success and presents examples of cultural adaptation that should be done in different situations.

The Potential for Adaptable Accessible Learning Objects: A Case Study in Accessible Vodcasting
Australasian Journal of Educational Technology
Describes the educational use of vodcasting for mobile learning and highlights potential value, limitations, and problem areas.

Portfolios: A Learning and Development Tool
Chief Learning Officer
Discusses the value and potential uses of portfolios for workplace learning and employee development.

April 2009

A New Era for Accessibility
Learning Circuits
Describes new computer-based technologies that make it easier to format multimedia content for access by people with disabilities.

Employer Perceptions of Online Degrees: A Literature Review
Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration
Explores the perceptions of potential employers about online degrees in comparison with those earned in a traditional format, including conditions influencing acceptance and reticence.

“Am I making sense here?”: What Blogging Reveals about Undergraduate Student Understanding
Journal of Online Interactive Learning
Reports findings on how blogs can extend learning and transfer, and presents implications for using blogs in online course environments.

Exploring Teachers Perceptions of Web-Based Tools
Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Learning and Learning Objects
This study on the use of learning objects in K-12 instruction found teachers viewed learning objects as effective, easy to use, and engaging. A barrier was the time it took to locate good learning objects and prepare support materials.

March 2009

Virtual World Learning Spaces: Developing a Second Life Operating Room Simulation
Educause Quarterly
Describes how course objectives and learning tasks can drive the appropriate use of technology in developing a virtual learning space; includes audio and visual examples of Second Life capabilities and course components.

Designing Online Learning Environments for Distance Learning
International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning
Presents guidelines for the design of online courses based on a survey of learner perceptions and satisfaction with various design features, including content page layout, graphics, animations, learning activities, and quizzes.

The Effectiveness and Development of Online Discussions
MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching
Emphasizes the importance of online discussion design and describes six ways that instructors can help students to have more effective discussions.

What Is Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge?
Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education (CITE)
Describes how the TPACK theoretical framework can help teachers to successfully integrate technology into teaching by understanding the relationships among content, pedagogy, and technology. Also in this issue see Examining TPACK Among K-12 Online Distance Educators in the United States.

February 2009

Research and Practice in K-12 Online Learning: A Review of Open Access Literature
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL)
This literature review identifies themes of steady growth and a focus on the benefits, challenges, and broad effectiveness of K-12 online learning as well as the emergence of standards for effective practices.

Why Wikis?
Campus Technology
Discusses ways in which a wiki can support online knowledge construction and collaboration. Also in this issue see 3 Challenges to Wiki Use in Instruction.

From Digital Immigrants and Digital Natives to Digital Wisdom
Innovate: Journal of Online Education
Argues that the digital immigrant/native paradigm is less relevant than understanding how digital technology can make people not just smarter but wiser.

Successful E-learning in Small and Medium-sized Enterprises
European Journal of Open and Distance Learning (EURDL)
Describes e-learning experiences and success factors derived from case studies of eighteen enterprises in eight European countries.

January 2009

Executing Blended Learning
Chief Learning Office
Presents tips on how to successfully design, build, and deliver a blended learning solution.

Interaction in Blended EFL Learning: Principles and Practice
International Journal of Instructional Technology & Distance Learning
Reports findings on the benefits and limitations of using blended learning to teach English as a second language, particularly the role of interaction. Also in this issue see Facebook in the Language Classroom: Promises and Possibilities.

Encouraging Critical Thinking in Online Threaded Discussions
Journal of Educators Online
Reports findings that online discussions are related to higher levels of critical thinking, but instructor facilitation should use purposeful, selective, and probing questions.

December 2008

Visual Stereotypes and Virtual Pedagogical Agents
Educational Technology & Society
Analyzes examples of visual stereotypes and discusses the impact of virtual characters on digital learning environments, including learner expectations and pedagogical design considerations.

Web 2.0 Storytelling: Emergence of a New Genre
Educause Review
Examines how the use of Web 2.0 tools for digital storytelling introduces new strategies for applying microcontent and social media for teaching and learning.

Comparison of Student and Instructor Perceptions of Best Practices in Online Technology Courses
Merlot Journal of Online Learning and Teaching
Reports study results investigating the perceptions of online students and instructors on the use of Chickering and Gamson's seven principles for good practice in undergraduate education.

Team-based Online Course Development: A Case Study of Collaboration Models
Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration
Reviews collaborative approaches to online course development and discusses the implications for flexibility, ownership of the process, and communication among team members.

November 2008

Information Presentation for Effective E-Learning
Educause Quarterly
Suggests ideas and guideposts to improve the learning design of online course webpages, including the use of graphical elements.

Learning, Animated
Learning Circuits
Discusses ideas for developing training that uses simulations, games, and virtual worlds to support the learning process, including the design team's role.

The Case Against Pre-Testing For Online Courses
eLearn Magazine
Examines the question, Are pre-tests really necessary for online courses? and suggests steps to measure student mastery of new skills at the end of a course.

Changing Relationship: Who is the Learner and who is the Teacher in the Online Educational Landscape?
Australasian Journal of Educational Technology
Reports study results on how student-led online discussions affect the instructor's role, student-teacher relationships, interaction, and community.

October 2008

Four papers on the implications of learning theory for distance education and course design:

Connectivism: Learning theory of the future or vestige of the past?
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL)
Analyzes the place of connectivism within the context of current theories of learning to determine if it has anything new to offer as a learning theory or as an approach to teaching for the 21st Century.

Beyond the Theoretical Impasse: Extending the applications of Transactional Distance Theory
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL)
Reviews Transactional Distance Theory and argues it should be accepted as a global theory for the further development and sustainability of quality distance education.

Transforming e-Learning into ee-Learning: The Centrality of Sociocultural Participation
Innovate: Journal of Online Education
Presents a theoretical framework for understanding and analyzing the processes of cognitive development as they relate to learner experience, participation, supportive course structures, and authentic online environments.

Cognitive Load Theory and the Role of Learner Experience: An Abbreviated Review for Educational Practitioners
AACE Journal
Provides an overview of cognitive load theory (CLT) and discusses major implications for learning, including instructional designs that may be problematic or beneficial when considered from a CLT perspective.

September 2008

Virtual Worlds
Educause Review
Focus issue of several articles examining the impact of social networking and simulation technologies on teaching, learning, and higher education.

The Mean Business of Second Life: Teaching Entrepreneurship, Technology and e-Commerce in Immersive Environments
Merlot Journal of Online Learning and Teaching
Describes the benefits, challenges, and pedagogical issues of using Second Life to teach a business administration course, including student and instructor reactions to the learning experience and use of avatars.

Factors Affecting Faculty Members’ Decision to Teach or Not to Teach Online in Higher Education
Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration
This study found that faculty members' online-teaching decisions were strongly influenced by their philosophical views and self-efficacy beliefs about the value of online technology for student learning. Positive beliefs outweighed time constraints in decisions to teach online.

Disciplinary Differences in E-learning Instructional Design: The Case of Mathematics
Journal of Distance Education
In this investigation of disciplinary differences in the instructional design of e-learning, mathematics instructors were less likely to view common e-learning models and course management systems as well-suited to their discipline. For three more articles on math instruction, see (1) Student Preferences, Satisfaction, and Perceived Learning in an Online Mathematics Class, (2) Integrating Content, Pedagogy, and Reflective Practice: Innovative New Distance Learning Courses and Programs for Mathematics Teachers, and (3) Mathematics Preservice Teachers’ Beliefs and Conceptions of Appropriate Technology Use.

August 2008

M-Learning Devices: Performance to Go
Learning Circuits
Analyzes mobile technology capabilities that affect the interactive delivery of information, but identifies the real issue as how we use the capabilities to provide learning. Also see Authoring Best Practices for Mobile Learning Content Development

Multimedia Technologies and Familiar Spaces: 21st-Century Teaching for 21st-Century Learners
CITE Journal: Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education
Discusses why teachers need to use multimedia technologies within the context of students' 21st century skills; includes samples to demonstrate essential technology skills for the next generation of teachers.

Instructor's Scaffolding in Support of Student's Metacognition through a Teacher Education Online Course - A Case Study
Journal of Interactive Online Learning
Examines the relationship between the instructor's feedback and students' metacognitive processes in an online course on democracy and multiculturalism.

Online Webinars for Continuing Medical Education: An Effective Method of Live Distance Learning
International Journal of Instructional Technology & Distance Learning
Describes a proof-of-concept study to design and deliver pharmacology courses to large numbers of pharmacists at a distance, including overseas military.

July 2008

Who is Responsible for E-Learning Success in Higher Education? A Stakeholders' Analysis
Educational Technology & Society
Describes the various stakeholder groups involved in e-learning implementation and derives a Stakeholders' Responsiblity Matrix to summarize the responsibilities of each group.

Comparing the Distance Learning-Related Course Development Approach and Faculty Support and Rewards Structure at AACSB Accredited Institutions between 2001 and 2006
Journal of Educators Online (JEO)
Findings suggest faculty in business schools receive limited support for online teaching and are not taking advantage of training options. Similar to 2001, faculty continue to use an individual instead of a team approach to course development, and they learned development and delivery techniques on their own.

Prospects for the Use of Mobile Technologies in Science Education
AACE Journal
This study with middle school students found a positive impact in using mobile devices for learning; but design frameworks are needed to better understand the theoretical, pedagogical, and mediating effects of mobile technologies on science learning.

June 2008

A Seismic Shift in Epistemology
Educause Review
Suggests ways to think about the implications of new Internet/Web 2.0 tools for education, learning, and knowledge.

Future Learning Landscapes: Transforming Pedagogy through Social Software
Innovate: Journal of Online Education
Discusses a new pedagogical model of learning made possible by the emergence of Web 2.0 social software.

Academic Staff Attitudes Towards Electronic Learning in Arts and Sciences
European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning (EURDL)
Presents study results suggesting differences between sciences and arts staff in their perceptions of e-learning, its potential benefits, and the technologies involved.

A Strategic Planning Process Model for Distance Education
Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration
Describes a 10-phased strategic planning model for implementing distance education programs that was developed by a panel of peer-nominated experts.

May 2008

Toolbox or Trap? Course Management Systems and Pedagogy
Educause Quarterly
Discusses reasons why the default design of commercial course management systems may limit instructional creativity and pedagogical approaches, particularly for novice users.

Reflective Practices Among Language Arts Teachers: The Use of Weblogs
CITE Journal: Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education
Presents results indicating that teachers in the study used their blogs as reflective journals and that the depth of reflection varied from casual to metareflective posts that could lead to changes in practice. Also see Peer assisted learning and blogging: A strategy to promote reflective practice during clinical fieldwork.

Learning Objects Update: Review and Critical Approach to Content Aggregation
Educational Techology & Society
Reviews the literature on learning objects, identifies current issues, and proposes a learning content hierarchy.

April 2008

Digital Age Assessment: Part 2
Technology & Learning Magazine
A look at how various technology tools can be used in formative student assessments to improve feedback and reporting opportunities. See Digital Age Assessment: Part 1 for a review of five other tools to monitor student progress.

How to Motivate Your Students
eLearn Magazine
Offers some helpful tips on motivating students inside and outside the online classroom.

Perceptions of Roles and Responsibilities in Online Learning: A Case Study
Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Learning and Learning Objects
Reports research results on students’ perceptions of their roles as online learners and the expectations they have of online teachers. Includes recommendations for proactive management of student expectations.

An Inclusive Approach to Online Learning Environments: Models and Resources
Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education
Reviews the literature on cultural differences in learning and describes instructional design models that accommodate multicultural diversity.

March 2008

Designing and Developing E-learning Projects: A Three-Tiered Approach
eLearn Magazine
Describes an approach to classifying e-learning projects in order to tailor instructional design to different levels of effort and investment.

Sustaining an Online Community of Practice: A Case Study
Journal of Distance Education
Discusses findings on the challenges involved in developing and sustaining online communities of practice to support professional learning over time.

Persistence in Online Classes: A Study of Perceptions among Community College Stakeholders
MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching
Identifies factors that support student completion of online courses from the perspectives of administrators, faculty, and students.

Exploratory Study of the Relationship between Self-Directed Learning and Academic Performance in a Web-Based Learning Environment
Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration
Analyzes the results of six empirical studies about the effects of self-directed learning on academic success in web-based courses.

February 2008

Distances and Access to Education
Six collaborating journals
This joint website features more than 25 articles from six participating journals on the issues, concerns, and roles of distance education in providing access or right to education worldwide.

Technology-Enhanced Learning in Developing Nations: A Review
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL)
Identifies significant challenges faced by developing countries when attempting to make learning more accessible by using Internet technologies for poorer populations.

Using blogging for higher order learning in large cohort university teaching: A case study
Australasian Journal of Educational Technology
Details the aims, design, implementation, and evaluation results of a blogging project, including the educational value and problem areas.

Online Teaching and Classroom Change: The Trans-Classroom Teacher in the Age of the Internet
Innovate: Journal of Online Education
Do teachers who move between face-to-face and online classrooms transfer ideas, strategies, and practices from one to the other? This study reports survey results from 215 high school teachers on transfer between the two environments.

January 2008

Predictions for 2008
e-Learn Magazine
Annual look at e-learning's near future trends and developments by 23 experts and prognosticators.

Ten Tips for Getting Learners to Take E-Courses
Learning Circuits Magazine
Discusses practical strategies and incentives to promote employee usage of e-learning within corporations and other organizations.

Minds on Fire: Open Education, the Long Tail, and Learning 2.0
Educause Review
The authors argue that the Open Educational Resources movement and Web 2.0 resources are creating new kinds of open participatory learning ecosystems that will support active, passion-based learning: Learning 2.0.

Implementing Educational Technology in Higher Education: A Strategic Approach
Journal of Educators Online (JEO)
Outlines a four-step framework for a strategic change process that can be used by educators for selecting and implementing educational technologies within their setting, in particular, online course management systems.

December 2007

Course Assessment Practices and Student Learning Strategies in Online Courses
Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks
Examines the relationship between student assessment methods and learning strategies in 60 online courses and suggests ways that assessment practices lead to different types of learning.

New Levels of Student Participatory Learning: A WikiText for the Introductory Course in Education
Journal of Online Interactive Learning
Describes the reactions of students to using wiki tools to collaboratively write their own textbook in an education course and the impact on their involvement in learning.

Creativity in Online Courses: Perceptions of MBA Students
Journal of Online Teaching and Learning
Investigates perceptions of how online courses enhance or detract from the development of creative thinking and innovation among business students.

Developing an International Distance Education Program: A Blended Learning Approach
Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration
Describes how universities in two countries used a seven-phase model to co-develop an international, blended learning program that considered cultural differences in language, teaching philosophy, and education.

November 2007

Analyze This!
Learning Circuits
Discusses new web analytics software that enables e-learning developers to collect metrics on learner engagement in online courses, including time spent on individual course pages and media components.

Accommodating Culture and Cultural Diversity in Online Teaching
Australasian Journal of Educational Technology (AJET)
Reports on a project aimed at understanding cultural characteristics and what strategies are effective in teaching a culturally diverse cohort of online students.

Learning to Feel: Education, Affective Outcomes and the Use of Online Teaching and Learning
European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning (EURODL)
Compares the results of two pilot courses using different online delivery modes for soft skill development and affective gain in customer service training in the workplace.

October 2007

Active Learning and Technology: Designing Change for Faculty, Students, and Institutions
Educause Review
Discusses the importance of faculty development in continuously improving and sustaining shifts in pedagogy, and describes strategies for overcoming resistance to change. Also in this issue see Faculty 2.0 which describes some of the ways technology is changing the teaching role in higher education.

The Online Learner: Characteristics and Pedagogical Implications
Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education
Describes the emerging characteristics of the online learner, the skills needed to learn online, and the pedagogical implications for dialogical models that support learning.

Open Courseware Futures: Creating a Parallel Universe
E-Journal of Electronic Science and Technology (e-JIST)
Examines major organizations involved in the open source and open courseware movement and discusses implications for increasing global access to knowledge.

Special Theme Issue: Social Network Sites
Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication
Describes features of social network websites, presents a history of their development, reviews existing scholarship, and profiles examples.

September 2007

Special Issue on Online Learning in K-12 Schools and Teacher Education
Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks
Contains six papers emphasizing online learning applications in K-12 environments, including teacher experiences, differences between online and blended learning, collaborative activity design, and a survey of administrators.

Current Administrative Structures Used for Online Degree Program Offerings in Higher Education
Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration
This study of more than 300 institutions identifies the nature and extent of six general administrative structures currently used by colleges and universities in offering fully online degrees.

Key Elements of Building Online Community: Comparing Faculty and Student Perceptions
Journal of Online Learning and Teaching
Reports the survey results of fourteen online courses asking instructors and students their perceptions about the challenges and essential elements of community in online classes. Both groups viewed community as very important but differed in their rankings of essential elements.

August 2007

Implementing Authentic Tasks in Web-Based Learning Environments
Educause Quarterly
Describes the characteristics of authentic activities, task design, and facilitation tips to improve student interaction and learning outcomes.

Adventure Learning: Situating Learning in an Authentic Context
Innovate: Journal of Online Education
Describes a learning project that connected students to explorers and researchers participating in a trans-Arctic dogsled expedition to provide students with opportunities to explore real-world issues through authentic learning experiences.

Evaluation and Application of Andragogical Assumptions to the Adult Online Learning Environment
Journal of Interactive Online Learning
Analyzes the major principles of andragogy and discusses why they are an ideal starting point for educators to use in creating a learner centered approach to online education.

Understanding E-Learning 2.0
Learning Circuits
Introduces the basic concepts, technologies, and changes represented by e-learning 2.0 in order to inform workplace learning professionals about the possibilities.

July 2007

Dialogue-Intensive Learning
eLearn Magazine
Compares three online discussion models and provides tips for creating, managing, and sustaining a "dialogue-intensive" model that fosters interaction.

Simulation-Based Training: The Evidence is In
Chief Learning Officer
Reviews earlier research on the effectiveness of computer-based simulations that provides a foundation for today's new generation of virtual learning developers of simulations and games.

Student Evaluation of Teaching (SET) in Web-based Classes: Preliminary Findings and a Call for Further Research
Journal of Educators Online
Discusses why SETs may be lower for online classes compared to on-campus classes and the implications for instructor training in online teaching and administrative support for course design, content organization, and editing.

A Web 2.0 Learning Platform: Harnessing Collective Intelligence
Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education
Compares the differences in 19th, 20th, and 21st Century learning models and argues that e-learning standards need to consider the community-generating content and social networking capabilities of new Web technologies.

June 2007

Theme Issue on Mobile Learning
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL)
The papers in this special issue clarify the concept of mobile learning, discuss developments to date, and describe applications around the world.

Walk this Way: Healthcare Leads the Way in Mobile Learning
Learning Circuits
This study reports on the use of mobile devices for a variety of health care applications, and points to increasing usage for keeping up-to-date with best medical practices, anytime-anywhere information availability, and personalized learning.

Podcasts: Improving Quality and Accessibility
THE Journal
Discusses tips and tools for improving the audio, content, and speaker presentation quality of podcasts, along with making them more accessible to learners with disabilities.

Teaching Online: Three Perspectives, Three Approaches
AACE Journal
Three case studies describe differing approaches to online teaching, including techniques, lessons learned, and examples of interaction activities.

May 2007

E-Learning at the Crossroads: What Price Quality?
Educause Quarterly
Discusses several challenges facing the rapid growth of distance education, including the role of part-time instructors, program quality, faculty incentives and disincentives, and willingness for institutional innovation.

Leadership Influence on Corporate Change Involving Distance Training
Online Journal of Distance Education Administration
Examines the set of skills needed by corporate learning leaders to sustain distance learning programs within their organizations.

Wiki as a Teaching Tool
Interdisciplinary Journal of Knowledge and Learning Objects
Explains wiki usage, investigates its contribution to various learning paradigms, and examines the current literature on wiki use in education.

April 2007

A Conceptual Model for Understanding Self-Directed Learning in Online Environments
Journal of Interactive Online Learning
Introduces a framework for understanding self-directed learning in online learning contexts and discusses Implications for research and practice.

Predicting Student Satisfaction in Distance Education and Learning Environments
Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education
Describes a study using the Distance Education Learning Environments Survey (DELES) as a research instrument to evaluate the characteristics of online learning environments.

Serving the Online Learner
Campus Technology
Presents examples of online advising and support services that promote a relationship between the e-learner and the institution.

March 2007

Technology Literacy and the MySpace Generation
If the digital native is constantly evolving, how can educators keep up?

Ten Core Principles for Designing Effective Learning Environments:
Insights from Brain Research and Pedagogical Theory

Suggests ways online technology can help educators create learning environments that respect student needs, foster collaboration, and promote deeperlevels of engagement with the course content (register online for free subscription).

Confronting Challenges in Online Teaching: The WebQuest Solution
MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching
Describes how WebQuests were used to engage nursing students in authentic scenarios that integrated several learning outcomes within a single assignment.

February 2007

Mitigating Conflict in Online Student Teams
eLearn Magazine
Presents basic guidelines for preventing team conflicts before they happen and resolving them when they do.

Entering the Interaction Age: Implementing a Future Vision for Campus Learning Spaces
Educause Review
Argues we are moving from an Information Age to an Interaction Age where technology not only supports human-to-human interaction but also provides tools for people to interact around and through information.

eLearning: Going the Distance
THE Journal
Discusses why virtual schools are here to stay by offering students freedom of time, space, and pace, and the potential for better academic performance.

January 2007

Invisible Motivation of Online Adult Learners During Contract Learning
Journal of Educators Online
Study found students felt more self-directed and motivated during contract learning, but what they really liked was being able to select assignments that were relevant to their interests.

Using Peer Feedback to Enhance the Quality of Student Online Postings: An Exploratory Study
Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication
Despite students' preferences for instructor feedback, giving peer feedback reinforces their learning and the quality of students' postings.

From Application to Graduation and Beyond: Exploring User Engagement with e-Portfolios
European Journal of Open and Distance Learning (EURODL)
Examines the use of e-portfolios within different education and work contexts, including students' attitudes, their engagement with e-portfolio tools, and benefits for skills development.

The Problem with Rapid E-Learning
Learning Circuits
Explores some of the pitfalls of rapid e-learning and how to overcome them. Also see Rapid E-Learning Grows Up for tool enhancements with a positive impact.

December 2006

Combined Effect of Instructional and Learner Variables on Course Outcomes within An Online Learning Environment
Journal of Online Interactive Learning
Examines differences in learner satisfaction and learning outcomes based on learner characteristics and study habits in an online course.

An Examination of Online Instructor Presence via Threaded Discussion Participation
Journal of Online Learning and Teaching
Examines faculty perceptions of the extent to which instructor interactivity, operationalized as participation in online threaded discussions, should be evaluated to establish clear expectations for instructor presence in the online classroom.

Learners' Perspectives on What is Missing from Online Learning: Interpretations through the Community of Inquiry Framework
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL)
Discusses insights obtained from interviews with ten learners about what it is they miss about face-to-face contact when learning online.

How Blended Learning Can Support a Faculty Development Community of Inquiry
Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks
This study focuses on understanding the social and teaching presence required to create a blended faculty development community of inquiry.

November 2006

Why Collaborative Storyboard Technology Is Mission Critical
Learning Circuits
Describes how collaborative storyboarding can be used to design e-learning more efficiently, including specifying the content and learning outcomes.

E-Conferencing for Instruction: What Works?
Educause Quarterly
A study of e-conferencing tools found relationships between specific tools and certain pedagogical principles.

Comparing Weblogs to Threaded Discussion Tools in Online Educational Contexts
International Journal of Instructional Technology & Distance Learning
Research provides insights into the academic value of blogging tools for discourse and the opportunities the tools offer beyond current learning management systems and threaded discussions.

Formative Evaluation: A Practical Guide
eLearn Magazine
Describes how the four stages of a formative evaluation process can be used to increase the effectiveness of an online course.

October 2006

Moderation, Response Rate, and Message Interactivity: Features of Online Communities and Their Effects on Intent to Participate
Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication
Two experiments indicate that both structural features of interfaces and content features of interactions affect people's intent to participate in online communities.

A Systemic Plan of Technology Integration
Educational Technology & Society
Proposes a plan for educational researchers, practitioners, and policymakers involved in the change process to implement successful technology integration in the context of teacher education.

Can Factors Related to Self-Regulated Learning Predict Learning Achievement in Undergraduate Asynchronous Web-based Courses?
International Journal of Instructional Technology & Distance Learning
This study determined a significant correlation among three predictors of success in online learning, including individual self-efficacy in having a “can do” attitude and expectancy of positive outcomes.

An Aptitude-Treatment-Interaction-Approach on Motivation and Student's Self-Regulated Multimedia-Based Learning
Interactive Educational Multimedia
Using Keller's ARCS model, this study tested the effects of instructional design strategies on individual differences in multimedia learning and motivation.

September 2006

Electronic Student Assessment - The Power of the Portfolio
Campus Technology Magazine
Describes examples of how e-portfolios are used to evaluate student progress and to change the learning process, and provides 20 "smart tips and practices".

Multimedia Presentation Software Solutions for Internet-Based Courses
Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration
Discusses multimedia presentation software (MPS) and suggests criteria for selecting, implementing, and administering MPS solutions to maximize accessibility and student learning while minimizing expense. Also see in this issue Podcasting: Co-opting MP3 Players for Education and Training Purposes.

Faculty Development as Community Building
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL)
Describes a community of practice approach to faculty development that aims to create a culture of teaching and a sense of connectedness; provides suggestions for applying the approach in open and distance education contexts.

Online Course Design from a Communities-of-Practice Perspective
eLearn Magazine
Explores a design for learning that connects people across time and distance so they develop practices for sharing and creating information and knowledge rather than just acquiring it. The design uses the dynamics and tensions of one media cycle to stimulate learning in the next.

August 2006

Podcasting Lectures
Educause Quarterly
Describes a pilot project to evaluate the choice of media to use, including podcasting, to provide access to recorded lectures.

Be Constructive: Blogs, Podcasts, and Wikis as Constructivist Learning Tools
Learning Solutions eMagazine
Reviews types of applications and design considerations in using these new technologies for learning.

Managing Courses, Defining Learning: What Faculty, Students, and Administrators Want
Educause Review
Discusses the pros and cons of learning/course management systems and asks, what do faculty, students, and administrators want from the next-generation e-learning environment?

July 2006

Do Chickering and Gamson's Seven Principles Also Apply to Online MBAs?
Journal of Educators Online
Using a sample of 24 online MBA courses, this study tests whether or not principles of effective classroom teaching may be used as starting points for developing and teaching web-based courses.

Increasing Access in Online Higher Education
Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks
This special issue investigates, from multiple prospectives, how access to higher education can be increased through further integration of online education.

Balancing Top-Down, Bottom-Up, and Peer-to-Peer Approaches to Sustaining Distance Training
Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education
Explores the balance between various approaches to sustaining distance training, and the implications for creating a learning culture in the organization.

June 2006

Best Practices for Online Business Education
The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL)
This integrative review of literature on online best practices is intended as a quick reference for those designing online business courses, but it is useful for other fields as well.

Student Success in Face-To-Face and Distance Teleclass Environments: A matter of contact?
The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL)
This research study indicates three predictors of student success in distance learning: reading comprehension, confidence in abilities needed to succeed in the class, and willingness to contact the instructor and ask for help when needed.

Implementing Learning-How-to-Learn Strategies
Chief Learning Officer
Reviews the fundamentals of knowing how to learn, particularly metacognitive abilities, as being critical to organizational success and lifelong learning.

Open Content and the Emerging Global Meta-University
Educause Review
Argues that open-access projects are stimulating a broader open-content movement, which in turn is leading to the emergence of a meta-university—an accessible, dynamic, and communally constructed framework of open materials and platforms on which much of higher education worldwide can be constructed or enhanced.

May 2006

Special Issue on Institutional Transformation
Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks
This issue contains several articles on institutional commitment and cost effectiveness, surveying the ways online education is changing higher education in the United States, providing institutional case studies, and analyzing business models.

The Role of Emotion in Creating Instructor and Learner Presence in the Distance Education Experience
Journal of Cognitive Affective Learning,
Reviews the literature on the role of emotion in creating presence, and builds on models to create a framework for practice and discuss implications for future research.

Pedagogy Considerations for E-learning
International Journal of Instructional Technology & Distance Learning
Examines changes in pedagogy to increase effectiveness of e-learning by incorporating instructional strategies that take into account personalized learning and content-to-learner adaptability.

April 2006

Reusing Learning Objects in Three Settings: Implications for Online Instruction
International Journal of Instructional Technology & Distance Learning
Discusses the use of sharable content objects in three types of online courses (blended, collaborative, and self-paced) to evaluate reusability, design considerations, and learning effectiveness.

Strategies to Build a Cross-National Virtual World
AACE Journal
Describes how an online virtual world, called Euroland, supported knowledge building and collaborative learning among seven primary and secondary classrooms in two countries.

Identifying and measuring individual engagement in critical thinking in online discussions: An exploratory case study
Educational Technology & Society
Reports on the development of a model for identifying and measuring individual engagement in critical thinking in an online discussion.

Evaluation of an Online Student Induction and Support Package for Online Learners
European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning (EURDL)
Describes the evaluation of an online primer and survival guide to prepare face-to-face and fully online students for learning online.

March 2006

Learning Hands-on Skills in an Online Environment: The Effectiveness of Streaming Demonstration Animation
Journal of Interactive Online Learning
This study uses action research techniques and describes the application of onscreen-action-capture software to the design of hands-on demonstrations that help students to learn multimedia skills.

Encouraging Student Participation in an Online Course Using ‘Pull’ Initiatives
Electronic Journal of E-Learning (EJEL)
Reports on a study involving the use of quizzes and games to increase participation and engagement in online discussions.

Building an Evaluation Plan for Fully Online Degree Programs
Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration
Describes the research undertaken to develop an evaluation plan for an online graduate degree program, with the aims of assessing goal attainment, determining a roadmap for program improvement, and providing a framework for future decision-making.

Web 2.0: A New Wave of Innovation for Teaching and Learning?
Educause Review
Discusses openness, microcontent, and social software (blogs, wikis, trackback, podcasting, videoblogs, and other networking tools) as being the emergent concepts defining the new Web 2.0 movement.

February 2006

Special Issue on Online Collaboration
Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks
Seven papers address the challenge: What are the best ways to do collaboration, especially collaboration for teaching and learning?

Time Management Strategies for Online Teaching
International Journal of Instructional Technology & Distance Learning
Reviews the literature and analyzes examples of class records to formulate six strategies to make online teaching more efficient and effective

An Introduction to Current Trends and Benefits of Mobile Wireless Technology Use in Higher Education
AACE Journal
Examines current information on mobile wireless technologies and answers three questions about types of applications, benefits, and access.

Teaching Facts with Fun, Online Games
Learning Circuits
Describes simple online games to encourage the Gamer Generation to stay engaged with e-learning.

January 2006

Creating Concept Maps: Integrating Constructivism Principles into Online Classes
International Journal of Instructional Technology & Distance Learning
Illustrates how students can construct concept maps to facilitate research, interpretation, product development, collaboration, and assessment of conceptual materials.

Designing Metacognitive Maps for Web-Based Learning
Journal of Educational Technology & Society
Describes how metacognitive supports can be embedded as visual on-screen maps and planning spaces to help learners build skills in planning, monitoring, evaluating, and revising.

E-Learning—A Financial and Strategic Perspective
Educause Quarterly
Compares several e-learning programs as examples of different strategies for achieving acceptable financial returns from e-learning.

Compiled and reviewed by Christine H. Olgren